string type conversions


  • copy - get a freshly allocated copy of the data (possibly in a different format, i.e. not bit-for-bit the same)
  • alias - get a slice of the exact same data, without allocation
  • dstring - read "dstring (or wstring)". Only big difference is that wstring has its own C string type with std.utf.toUTF16z

from string (or char[])

  • string -> string: copy with st.idup or std.utf.toUTF8(st)
  • string -> dstring: copy with std.utf.toUTF32(st) or!dstring(st)
  • dstring -> string: copy with std.utf.toUTF8(st) or!string(st)
  • string -> char[]: mutable copy with st.dup
  • string -> immutable(ubyte)[]: alias with std.string.representation(st)
  • string -> C string: copy with std.string.toStringz(st)
  • char[] -> string: unsafe alias with std.exception.assumeUnique(st)

from "string literal"

  • string literal -> C string: alias by using it where a C string is wanted, const(char)* s = "string literal", puts("hi")
  • string -> C string: if a string definitely came from a string literal, then alias it with &st[0] (@safe doesn't like st.ptr which can be null)

from ubyte[]

  • ubyte[] -> char[]: alias with std.string.assumeUTF(st). asserts on invalid UTF in debug builds
  • ubyte[] -> char[]: alias with cast(char[]) st. still @safe when qualifiers (like const) aren't discarded

from C string

  • C string -> string: unsafe alias with std.string.fromStringz(st)

from char range

  • dchar range -> dstring: copy with std.array.array(st)
  • dchar range -> dchar[]: copy with std.array.array(st)
  • char range -> string: same as above, but with autodecoding you'll easily get dchar where you expected char. Suppress that with std.utf.byCodeUnit, e.g. string st = "hello"!(c => c).array, which would normally require dstring st = ...

on mutability

  • read D Spec - Type Qualifiers
  • immutable(T)[] -> const(T)[]: implicit conversion
  • immutable(T)* -> const(T)*: implicit conversion
  • string -> char[]: st.dup
  • string -> char*: cast(char*) std.string.toStringz(st) (not @safe, but safe as toStringz always copies)

basics/string_type_conversions.d covers this in greater detail, with unit tests. basics/unicode_ops.d may also be of interest.